ZERO.id – All You Need to Know About Lupus. Have you ever heard of lupus? Indeed, at first glance this disease is not as popular as cancer, diabetes, stroke, or high blood pressure. But, in fact this disease is no less serious than the disease mentioned earlier. Lupus disease or in medical language is called Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is one of the diseases that most often attacks humans. Although quite a lot of people suffer, knowledge about this disease is still minimal.
Curious? Find out all the facts of lupus in this article.
Lupus facts you should know
Most people with lupus realize that they have lupus. Apart from the difficult symptoms to know, the symptoms of Lupus also vary from person to person, depending on the number and type of antibodies produced and the organs affected. Because the community’s knowledge regarding lupus is still minimal, here are some facts about lupus that you should know about.
1. Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease
Lupus is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in connective tissue and can damage several organs. Lupus occurs when there is a problem with the immune system and then attacks the body. This can affect the joints, skin, lungs, heart, blood vessels, kidneys, nervous system, and blood cells.
2. Lupus has various types
Lupus is divided into several types, namely:
- Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, the most common type of lupus that attacks the joints and organs
- Discoid lupus, which attacks the skin causing a rash on the skin does not want to disappear
- Lupus due to drug use
- Neonatal lupus, attacks newborns
- Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus, causes sun-exposed skin to ache
3. 90 percent of lupus patients are women
This disease most often attacks women, even women 10 times the risk of experiencing lupus than men. Most often, lupus develops in people aged 18 to 45 years. Although lupus is most common in women, it can also affect men and children, as well as people of all ages. In addition, pregnant women will also be more susceptible to lupus. If lupus occurs during pregnancy, be careful, the health of the mother and fetus can be disrupted, especially if not treated quickly.
4. Difficult to diagnose
Diagnosis of lupus is not easy and is often late because the symptoms that appear resemble the symptoms of various diseases. That is why, lupus is known as a disease that has 1000 faces. Because the symptoms are difficult to know, this is a challenge for the medical world to find new ways to be able to diagnose lupus early on.
There are laboratory tests that can help the medical team diagnose lupus, but the results are not very accurate. That is why, to diagnose this disease, doctors need a long time. Doctors usually make a diagnosis of a combination of symptoms that a patient experiences along with a medical history, family and laboratory tests.
5. Treatment depends on the type of symptom
Until now, lupus treatment depends on the signs and symptoms caused. For example, if the cause is diagnosed as an immune system disorder in the joint, then that is the part that will be treated by a doctor. Generally, doctors will prescribe NSAIDs, namely non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen if the symptoms are limited to joint pain, muscle aches, fatigue, and skin rashes. However, your doctor may prescribe a high dose drug if there are complications that occur in some organs. That is why, these drugs can also cause extraordinary side effects.
6. The cause of lupus can not be known with certainty
Just like the symptoms caused, the exact cause of lupus is still unknown. Although research shows that gene factors play an important role, but it is not the only one. For example, many studies have shown that sunlight and drugs can also trigger lupus.
7. Lupus patients can lead a normal life
With extra careful monitoring of lupus and appropriate treatment adjustments, most lupus patients can lead normal lives. The biggest enemy of this disease actually comes from within the patient, when the patient loses hope, loses enthusiasm, and gives up, causing frustration and even depression which has a bad influence on his health.
8. Tends to attack certain races
Although this disease most often affects women, certain races have an increased risk of lupus. According to the Lupus Foundation of America, lupus cases are found to be almost three times more common in people with African-American, Hispanic and Asian races than white people (Caucasians).